Whoosh! Issue 84 - January 2004

THE ORIGIN OF THE HONG KONG MARTIAL ARTS MOVIE GENRES AND
IITS INFLUENCE ON THE AMERICAN MELEVISION AND MOVIE INDUSTRY

Page 2


Notes

Note 01:
Notable King Hu (1931-1997) films are Long men keahen (Dragon Gate Inn, 1966), Hsia nu (A Touch of Zen, 1969), and Xiaoao jiang hu (The Swordsman, 1990). A list of Hu's works can be found at the Internet Movie database.
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Note 02:
Notable Zhang Che (1933-2002) films are Hsia yu-yen (The Shallow Shaolin, 1968); Chi ma (Blood Brothers, 1973); and Wu du (Five Deadly Venoms, 1978). A list of Zhang's works can be found at the Internet Movie database.
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Note 03:
Notable Tsui Hark (b. 1951) films are Shu shan (Zu: Warriors of the Magic Mountain, 1983); Xiaoao jiang hu (The Swordsman, 1990); Sinnui yauman III: Do Do Do (A Chinese Ghost Story III, 1991); Xin long men ke zhan (The Dragon Inn, 1992); and Xin long men ke zhan (Once Upon a Time in China V, 1992). A list of Tsui's works can be found at the Internet Movie database.
(Note from Publisher K. Taborn: Hark Tsui plays a fun character in Huang gu shi jie (Yes Madam, 1985), Michele Yeoh's and Cynthia Rothrock's first starring roles.)
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Note 04:
Notable Ronny Yu films are Bai fa mo nu zhuan (The Bride with White Hair, 1993); and Bai fa mo nu zhuan II (The Bride with White Hair II, 1993). A list of Yu's works can be found at the Internet Movie database.
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Note 05:
Lisa Odham Stokes and Michael Hoover. City on Fire: Hong Kong Cinema. London: Verso Books, 1999. Page 89.
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Note 06:
Jacques Garnet. The History of Chinese Civilization. Great Britain: Cambridge University Press, 1999. Page 36.
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Note 07:
Ross Harrison. Hobbes, Locke and Confusion's Masterpiece: An Examination of Seventeenth-Century Political Philosophy. England: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Page 38.
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Note 08:
Thayer Watkins. "The Warring States of Ancient China"
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Note 09:
Diane Morgan. The Best Guide to Eastern Philosophy and Religion. NY: St. Martins Press, 2001. Page 177.
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Note 10:
Garnet, page 159.
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Note 11:
Morgan, page 110.
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Note 12:
Paul A. Cohen. History in Three Keys. NY: Columbia University Press, 1997. Page 54.
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Note 13:
Morgan, page 185.
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Note 14:
Ibid., page 186.
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Note 15:
Garnet, page 160.
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Note 16:
Oliver Leaman. Eastern Philosophy. England: Routledge Press, 2000. Page 89.
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Note 17:
Morgan, page 244.
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Note 18:
Cohen, page 65.
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Note 19:
Morgan, page 225.
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Note 20:
Ibid., page 256.
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Note 21:
Garnet, page 98
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Note 22:
Ibid., page 99
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Note 23:
Ibid., page 299
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Note 24:
Cohen, page 189
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Note 25:
David Desser. The Cinema of Hong Kong: History, Arts, Identity. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Page 118
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Note 26:
A. Birrell. Chinese Mythology: An Introduction. Maryland: John Hopkins University, 1999. Page 247
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Note 27:
Stokes, page 89
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Note 28:
Desser, page 143
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Note 29:
Stokes, page 89
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Note 30:
Birrell, page 250
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Note 31:
Graham Hutchings. Modern China: A Guide to a Century of Change. Mass: Harvard University Press, 2001. Page 67
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Note 32:
Daiyun Yue and Carolyn Wakeman. To the Storm: The Odyssey of a Revolutionary Chinese Woman. England: University Press, 1985. Page 44
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Note 33:
Professor William Yuying Jiang. "Discussion on Chinese History" Humanities 190. San Jose State University, San Jose. 15 April 2003
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Note 34:
Hutchings, page 237
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Note 35:
Ibid., page 238
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Note 36:
Nick Browne, Paul G. Pickowicz, Vivian Sobchack, and Esther Yau. New Chinese Cinemas: Forms, Identities, Politics. London: Cambridge University Press, 1996. Page 102.
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Note 37:
Garnet, page 349.
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Note 38:
Richard Hooker. "Ch'ing China: The Opium Wars."
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Note 39:
Esther Yau. At Full Speed: Hong Kong Cinema in a Borderless World. Minn: University of Minnesota Press, 2001. Page 31.
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Note 40:
Ibid., page 32
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Note 41:
Stephen Teo. Hong Kong Cinema, The Extra Dimensions. London: St. Edmundsbury Press, 1997. Page 98.
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Note 42:
Ibid.
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Note 43:
Stokes, page 89.
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Note 44:
David Boardwell. Plant Hong Kong: Popular Cinema and the Art of Entertainment. Mass: Harvard University Press, 2000. Page 194.
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Note 45:
Teo, page 99.
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Note 46:
Ibid., page 124
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Note 47:
Yau, page 127.
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Note 48:
Ibid., page 64.
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Note 49:
Ibid., page 65
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Note 50:
Desser, page 30
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Note 51:
Ibid., page 31
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Note 52:
Ibid.
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Note 53:
Robert Weisbrot. The Official Guide to the Xenaverse. New York: Double Day, 1998. Page 33.
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Note 54:
William Grimes. "A Woman Wielding Many Weapons, Among Them a Sneer and a Stare." New York Times 19 May 1996 national edition. Page 1+.
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Note 55:
Cynthia Ward Cooper. "The Influence of Hong Kong Action Films on Xena: Warrior Princess." Whoosh Xena FAQ.
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Note 56:
Melissa Good. "Emailed questions for Robert Tapert." 21 April 2003.
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Note 57:
Eddie Summers. "Redemption Song." Official UK Xena Magazine, Issue 1, November 1999.
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Note 58:
Sharon Delaney. "An Anthropologist Among the Lincoln Park Tribe of New Zealand." The Chakram 15 (2001). Page 5
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Note 59:
Ibid., page 4
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Note 60:
Xena: Warrior Princess - Friend in Need, the Series Finale (Director's Cut). Directed and produced by Robert Tapert. Story by Robert Tapert and R.J. Stewart. DVD released by Studios USA and Renaissance Pictures, 1995.
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Note 61:
Grimes
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Note 62:
Lori Medigovich. "Lucy Lawless." Lesbian News, Vol 28, No 6, January 2003. Page 27.
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Note 63:
Ibid.
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Note 64:
James South, editor. Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Philosophy. Chicago: Open Court Publishing, 2003. Page 241
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References

Birrell, A. Chinese Mythology: An Introduction. Maryland: John Hopkins University, 1999.

Boardwell, David. Plant Hong Kong: Popular Cinema and the Art of Entertainment. Mass: Harvard University Press, 2000.

Browne, Nick, Paul G. Pickowicz, Vivian Sobchack, and Esther Yau. New Chinese Cinemas: Forms, Identities, Politics. London: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Cohen, Paul A. History in Three Keys. NY: Columbia University Press, 1997.

Cooper, Cynthia Ward. "The Influence of Hong Kong Action Films on Xena: Warrior Princess." Whoosh Xena FAQ.

Delaney, Sharon. "An Anthropologist Among the Lincoln Park Tribe of New Zealand." The Chakram 15 (2001): 4-11

Desser, David. The Cinema of Hong Kong: History, Arts, Identity. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Garnet, Jacques. The History of Chinese Civilization. Great Britain: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Good, Melissa. "Emailed questions for Robert Tapert." 21 April 2003.

Grimes, William. "A Woman Wielding Many Weapons, Among Them a Sneer and a Stare." New York Times 19 May 1996 natl. ed.: 1+.

Harrison, Ross. Hobbes, Locke and Confucius' Masterpiece: An Examination of Seventeenth-Century Political Philosophy. England: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Hooker, Richard. "Ch'ing China: The Opium Wars."

Hutchings, Graham. Modern China: A Guide to a Century of Change. Mass: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Jiang, Professor William Yuying. "Discussion on Chinese History." Humanities 190. San Jose State University, San Jose. 15 April 2003.

Leaman, Oliver. Eastern Philosophy. England: Routledge Press, 2000.

Medigovich, Lori. "Lucy Lawless." Lesbian News, Vol 28, No 6, January 2003.

Morgan, Diane. The Best Guide to Eastern Philosophy and Religion. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2001.

O'Donnell, Lindy. "Former Michigan State U. student makes name in Hollywood." University Wire, 1999.

South, James, ed. Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Philosophy. Chicago: Open Court Publishing, 2003.

Stokes, Lisa Odham., and Michael Hoover. City on Fire: Hong Kong Cinema. London: Verso Books, 1999.

Summers, Eddie. "Redemption Song." Official UK Xena Magazine, Issue 1, November 1999.

Teo, Stephen. Hong Kong Cinema, The Extra Dimensions. London: St. Edmundsbury Press, 1997.

Watkins, Thayer. "The Warring States of Ancient China."

Weisbrot, Robert. The Official Guide to the Xenaverse. New York: Double Day, 1998.

Xena: Warrior Princess - Friend in Need, the Series Finale (Director's Cut). Directed and produced by Robert Tapert. Story by Robert Tapert and R.J. Stewart. DVD released by Studios USA and Renaissance Pictures, 1995.

Yue, Daiyun and Carolyn Wakeman. To the Storm: The Odyssey of a Revolutionary Chinese Woman. England: University Press, 1985.

Yau, Esther. At Full Speed: Hong Kong Cinema in a Borderless World. Minn: University of Minnesota Press, 2001.

Biography

the author L. Crystal Michallet-Romero
L. Crystal Michallet-Romero began writing Star Trek Fan Fiction back in the 80s and has written lesbian and Chicano/Native American short stories. After over a decade since graduating from high school, she returned to college to pursue the dream of being the first person in her family to obtain a university degree. Now she is a senior at San Jose State University. When not preparing for graduation or studying, she finds pleasure by creating Native American art, jewelry, sculpture, or writing Xena Alt. fan fiction.


Favorite episode: ONE AGAINST AN ARMY
Favorite line: Xena: "Now, take it easy. There were no good leaves in the bush... I used the piece that didn't have much writing on it." A DAY IN THE LIFE
First episode seen: SINS OF THE PAST
Least favorite episode: MARRIED WITH FISHSTICKS

 

 


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