Caesar Augustus's Division of Italy (42-77)
The Black Sea in Xena's Time (78-87)
Greece at the Time of Xena and Gabrielle (88-100)
 This is only a small part of the extensive collection found in the stock of Mr. Murray F. Hudson, dealer in antique maps, books, and globes, in Halls, Tennessee, U.S.A. It is catalogued here, with Xenite commentary by Edward P. Rich.
 PORCACCHI, TOMASO. MILO. [ISLAND OF MILOS] PORCACCHI, VENICE. 1570 to ca. 1586. NO COLOR. SILVER ENGRAVING. Silver engraved miniature map on paper of the island where the famous Venus statue was discovered. From his "L'Isola del Mondo". Letterpress in Italian below and on reverse. Sea monster and compass rose. Shows ancient buildings, hills, and trees. 4.3" H. x 5.8" W. GOOD $250.00 I.D.#08426
 GASTALDI, GIACOMO. GRAECIAE VNUVERSAE SECVNDVM HODIERNVM SITVM NEO TERICA DE SCRIPTIO. ABRAHAM ORTELIUS, ANTWERP. 1580.c. FULLY HAND COLORED. COPPER ENGRAVING. Latin text on reverse. Original coloring. Long marginal note in Latin manuscript referring to the towns of Monte Santo Mount Athos at the extremity of the peninsula of Chalcis, marked by a manuscript cross. Here were many monasteries of the Greek Church that included the first seminary and the remains of the famous libraries of the ancient world. Very browned. Few small water stains. Good example of a premier Greek map. 15.4" H. x 20.3" W. GOOD $550.00 I.D.#10227
 JANSSON, JAN. "ATTICA. MEGARICA. CORINTHIACA. BOEOTIA, PHOCIS, LOCRI. AMSTERDAM, 1630, ca. PART HAND COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Ex Clarissimi D.T. Velii M.D. Delineatione". Regional map showing the Acropolis and other elevated areas. Greece at the time of Xena. Letterpress on reverse in Latin. Top margin repaired. Waterstained considerably. 14.25" H. x 19.5" W. FAIR. $350.00 I.D.#14129
 LAUREMBERG, JOHANNES WILMS (1590-1658). INSVLARVM ARCHIPELAGI SEU MARIS AEGAEI ACCURATA DELINATIO. HONDIUS, H. AMSTERDAM, 1633. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. "Autore I. Laurenbergio". Hondius map of the Aegean Sea by a cartographer famed for his maps of Greece. Early example of his work. Island of Zante called "Chivs hod. Scio." Scarce uncolored example. Elaborate figural cartouche. Small naval battle lower left. Lower centerfold, margins restored. Some creases. Matted and shrink-wrapped. 18.8" H. x 22.5" W. GOOD. MATTED. $475.00 I.D.#21534
 SANSON, GUILLAUME. PONTO PARS, AD HALYM, IRIDEM THERMODONTEM; FLUVIUS SITA; QUAM HEROICIS TEMPORIBUS AMAZONES; ROMANORUM AETATE MITHRIDATES REGNUM. GUILLAUME SANSON: PARIS, 1676. OUTLINE HAND COLORED. ENGRAVING. Map of a portion of classical Greece, showing the region of the Amazons, who, for a time, claimed Gabrielle as their queen. Also the realm of King Mithridatis, whom legend holds took small doses of poisons to build up resistance to them. Original color. 18.3" H. x 23.8" W. FINE. $325.00 I.D.#04543
 SANSON, GUILLAUME/NICOLAS SANSON. ATLANTIS INSULA. A Nicolao Sanson antiquitati restituta, nunc demum majori formas delineata, et in decem regna, iuxta decem Neptuni filios distributa. Praeterea insulae, nostraeq. Continentis regiones quibus Imperavere Atlantici Reges; aut quas armis tentavere. Ex conatibus geographicis Gulielmi Sanson Nicholai filii.  Cum privilegio reno ad viginti annos lutetiae Parisiorum. Apud autorem in Aedibus regiis 1690. SANSON FILII, PARIS 1690. OUTLINE HAND COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. (The words 'reni' and 'in aedibus Regiis: 1690' added to the plate.) Third state (of five) of this unusual map that purports to show the earth about 200,000 years ago before its settlement by humans.
 The god Neptune had divided the landmasses among his ten sons. At that time ancients believed the earth had four moons in the sky and a different axis than it has at present.
 The basic map had been the work of the father Nicolas Sanson (1600-1667) and the names to parts of the Western Hemisphere after these demigods being the work of his son Guillaume, who died in 1703. Plato first described Atlantis about 400 BCE. Fascination with the Atlantis legend caused the map to sell well from between 1669 and 1741. Interest and scholarly respectability in the "lost continent" or the "Atlantian Empire" continued unabated into the late 19th and early 20th Centuries. Thule Island is shown, believed source of Nordic race. The triumphant success of Heinrich Schliemann as an archeologist, success that earned him wealth and lasting fame, caused many to accept as fact ancient legends. Schliemann had taken Homer's Iliad and Odyssey's accounts of the Trojan Wars to be literal truth. He then discovered ancient Troy in Asia Minor.
 Calling it theosophy, Russian adventurer and telepath Madame Helena Petrovna Blavatsky took up and defined the Atlantian concept; Austrian Guido von List championed its racial implications. English theosoph Sir James Churchward wrote books on the Lemurian land or continent of Mu in the Indian Ocean. There are still those who defend the existence of Atlantis. They think it now to have been an island in a lake in Bolivia or Southern Cuba. While these may be fanciful, some mainstream archeologists are accepting as fact the writings of the Greek historian Herodotus and the television XENA stories are in part based on his history.
 The map shows the basic cartography of the mid-Seventeenth Century with California as an island. It appeals to collectors because the Great Lakes are shown as a thematic version of the prototype Sanson first published in 1650. Original outline color. Fine condition. Tooley, California as an island, map 51; M.S. Pedley, Belle et utile, London, 1992; Burden, map 405. 15.75" H. x 22.0" W. FINE. $1,500.00 I.D.#21686
 CORONELLI, VICENZO MARIA. PARALELLO GEO GRAFICO DELL'ANTICO COL MODERNO ARCHIPELAGO PER ISTRUZIONE DELL'ISTORIA DELL'ISOLE CONTENUTE IN ESSO OPERA DEL P. MAESTRO CORONELLI. VENICE. 1696-7. FULL HAND COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Large four sheet wall map of all the islands in the Aegean Sea. Large dramatic cartouche of a winged lion driving Turks wearing turbans from a burning building. Coronelli was a famous cartographer. He was a Franciscan Friar and appointed General of the Order in 1701. He was cosmographer to the Republic of Venice and founder of the Academia Cosmografica degli Argonauti, the world's first geographical society (1680). Historical and handsome display map. Part color, some water staining. 33.0" H. x 23.5" W. GOOD. $1,250.00 I.D.#10224
Click on image to see a larger graphic
 NICHOLLS, SUTTON. A NEW MAP OF ANTIENT THRACE: as also of the northern parts of Old Greece, viz. Macedonia, and Thessalia. WELLS, OXFORD 1700,c. OUTLINE HAND COLORED. COPPER ENGRAVING. Sharp impression. Ducal arms in cartouche. Margin damage with loss, tears repaired. An old English map of Xena's birthplace. 14.1" H. x 18.8" W. FAIR. $300.00 I.D.#10429
 SENEX, JOHN. MOSCOVY corrected from observations communicated by the Royal Society of London and Paris. By John Senex. T. BOWLES/JOHN BOWLES & SON/ROBT. SAYER. LONDON. 1712. OUTLINE HAND COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Western Russia from Lithuania to the Duchy of Bulgar [Xena's native region] and the Kingdom of Astracan. Ukraine "The country of the Cosaques". Shows ("Deserts without water"!) Fascinating detail. 38.0" H. x 25.0" W. FINE. $850.00 I.D.#09008
 MALLET, ALAIN MANESSON. IS. DE PELAGNISI DROMI, DIE INSELN PELAGNISI, DROMI ETC. FRANKFURT/M.1719. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Detailed engraved birds-eye map of islands off Thesalonia. Spirited naval battles. Fig. LXVIII 5.8" H. x 4.0" W. GOOD $45.00 I.D.#22701.
 MALLET, ALAIN MANESSON. IS. DE TASSO UND MONTESANTE, DIE INSEL TASSO UND MONTE SANTE. FRANKFURT/M. 1719. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Detailed engraved birds-eye map of islands off Macedonia. Spirited naval battles. Fig. LXVII 5.8" H. x 4.1" W. GOOD $60.00 I.D.#22702.
 MALLET, ALAIN MANESSON. DACE THRACE, DIE LANDSCHAFFTEN DACIEN UND THRACIEN. FRANKFURT/M. 1719. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Detailed engraved small map of Xena's homeland. Fig. XL 6.25"H. x 4.3"W. GOOD. $50.00 I.D.#22711
 MALLET, ALAIN MANESSON. GRECE GENERALE, DAS ALLGEMEINE GRIECHENLANDT. FRANKFURT/M. 1719. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Detailed engraved map of Greece. Fig. XLIII 6.25"H. x 4.6"W. GOOD $50.00 I.D.#22710
 MALLET, ALAIN MANESSON. MACEDOINE THESSALIE EPIRE, DAS KONIGREICH MACEDONIEN THESSALIEN UND EPIRUS. FRANKFURT/M. 1719. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Detailed engraved small map of XENA citings. Fig. XLIV 6.0"H. x 4.6"W. GOOD. $55.00 I.D.#22712
 MALLET, ALAIN MANESSON. GRECE PARTICULIERE, DAS ABSONDERLICHE GRIECHENLANDT. FRANKFURT/M. 1719. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Detailed engraved map of Greece. Fig. XLV Peloponnesian Peninsula. 6.0"H. x 4.6"W. GOOD. $65.00 I.D.#22715
 ANONYMOUS. LA ROMELIE ET LES ENVIRONS DE CONSTANTINOPLE. COVENS & MORTIER? PARIS. 1725,c. OUTLINE HAND COLORED. COPPER ENGRAVING. Unidentified French atlas map showing the Dardenelles region in detail and in large scale. Plate 60 from a folio atlas. Cartouches no longer used, but small sailing ships appear as decoration. On fully watermarked laid paper, upper and lower border untrimmed. Light waterstaining. 16.5" H. x 21.6" W. GOOD. $450.00 I.D.#10273
 DORN, SEBASTIAN. IMPERII RUSICI ET TARTARIAE UNIVERSAE. OPERA IOH. MATHIAE HASU, MATH. P.P. HOMANN HEIRS: NUREMBERG. 1739. OUTLINE HAND COLORED. ENGRAVING. Attractive classic map of all of central Asia. Area of the Eastern or Golden Horde, where Borias was a minor chief. Includes the Japanese islands. Johann Matthias Haas (1684-1742) was a professor of mathematics at Wittenberg. Surface dust soiled, small margin tears. 21.0" H. x 24.0" W. FAIR. $375.00 I.D.#04540
 DESBRUSLINS, F. PERE. "CARTE DE LA GRECE ANCIENE ET MODERNE. BUFFIER. PARIS. 1744. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. From Charlevoix. Margins stained. 005.5" H. x 007.0" W. GOOD. $125.00 I.D.#12017
 BERING, VITUS JONASSEN. EXACT CHART OF ALL THE COUNTRIES THROUGH WHICH CAPT. BEHRING TRAVELLED FROM TOBOLSKI CAPITAL OF SIBERIA, TO THE COUNTRY OF KAMTSCHATKA. T. WOODWARD, S. BIRT, ETC. LONDON, 1748 COPPER ENGRAVING. From Vol. II page 1016, John Harris. Navigantium atque itinerantium bibliotheca. Or, a complete collection of voyages and travels. Folio. Attractive cartouche with two Siberian hunters in winter dress. Spot lower margin. 7.0" H. x 12.8" W. GOOD. $175.00 I.D.#10027
 ANVILLE, J.B.B. D'. LES COTES DE LA GRECE ET L'ARICHIPEL. D'ANVILLE. PARIS. 1756 OUTLINE HAND COLORED. ENGRAVING. Bottom margin trimmed slightly into map surface. Show Greece and adjoining Asia Minor. Details islands, bays, points, ports, etc. Decorative cartouche. 20.8" H. x 27.5" W. VERY GOOD. $200.00 I.D.#02495
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). PANNONIA MOESIA DACIA ILLYRICUM. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Map of ancient European Balkans in Roman times. Plate X. The region of Xena. Washed and deacidified. A little browned. The cartographer was German, Christopher Keller (1638-1707). An authority on the ancient world, his two atlases of it went through many editions between 1686-1812. This Rome edition by Ghisi is especially handsome. Xenite scholars seeking complete atlases should search for copies on websites such as http://www.bookfinder.com. GOOD. $250.00 I.D.#23055
Map 23055Click on image to see a larger graphic
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). THRACIA ANTIQUA. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. A highly important antique map for the XENA buff. What is now Bulgaria just north of Greece at the time of the Peloponnesian Wars that ended in 403 BC. The hometown of Xena, Amphipolis, is shown lower left in the delta of the River Strymon. Plate XXI. Washed and deacidified. Slight spotting. 12.0"H. x 17.75"W. GOOD. $350.00 I.D.#23069
Map 23069Click on image to see a larger graphic
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). SCYTHIA ET SERICA. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774 NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Southern Siberia and the Altai at the time of the "Golden Horde." The setting where Xena when young, rode with Borias a Mongol as part of this Horde. The horde they fought near Athens and elsewhere were Pomira the western or Caucasian horde. To the northeast beyond 'terra incognita' is the Hyperborean or Scythian Ocean believed in by theosophists. Plate XXIX. Washed and deacidified. 11.75"H. x 17.75"W. GOOD. $300.00 I.D.#23076
Map 23076Click on image to see a larger graphic
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). AEGYPTUS ET CYRENAICA. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Northeast Africa detailing Libya and Egypt during late pharaoh times. Plate XXIX. Site of Xena's adventures with Cleopatra. Washed and deacidified. 11.8"H. x 17.75"W. GOOD. $350.00. I.D.#23077
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). AEGYPTI DELTA ET NILI OSTIA. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Nile Delta during late pharaoh times. Plate XXXII Washed and deacidified. 11.6"H. x 17.5"W. GOOD. $325.00 I.D.#23078
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). MAURETANIA ET NUMIDIA. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Northwest Africa in Roman times. Plate XXXIII Washed and deacidified. 11.8"H. x 17.75"W. GOOD. $250.00 I.D.#23079
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). AFRICA INTERIOR. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. What was known of Africa above the equator in Roman times. Still shows Ptolomy's mountain of the moon. Episodes in XENA's sixth season have their setting here. Plate XXXIV. Washed and deacidified. 11.8"H. x 17.75"W. GOOD. $375.00 I.D.#23080
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). ORIENS. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Very foreshortened view of southern Asia including India and Southeast Asia. Plate XXVIII Washed and deacidified. 11.75"H. x 17.75"W. GOOD. $300.00 I.D.#23075
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). MESOPOTAMIA ET BABYLONIA FLUMINIBUS SECUNDUM VETEREM TABULAM DUCTIS. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Excellent map of what has been called the "cradle of civilization." The Garden of Eden (Ur in Chaldea) is found here in what is now southern Iraq. The Biblical flood is said to have occurred here. Plate XXVII Washed and deacidified. 12.0"H. x 17.75"W. GOOD. $300.00 I.D.#23074
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). ARABIA PETRAEA ET DESERTA. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Somewhat foreshortened, showing both the Arabian Desert and the Euphrates valley. Plate XXVI. Washed and deacidified. One corner waterstained. 12.0"H. x 18.0"W. GOOD. $300.00 I.D.#23073
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). BOSPORUS MAEOTIS IBERIA ALBANIA ET SARMATIA ASIATICA. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. A highly interesting map of the region between the Black and Caspian Seas in early Sarmatian times about 300 BC. Birthplace of the white race in ancient times, it is a region hard to find mapped. The Albanians and Iberians shown here, after the folk wanderings in early Christian era wound up respectively in the Balkans and Spain. Some say Xena's later children went with them founding the 'Xena Strain' in both the Balkans and Spain. To the east, north of the Caspian Sea are the warlike Scythians, much feared as the Horde. In the distance to the northwest are the Hyperborean Mountains believed in by theosophists. Hyperborea was always far away; vague in location; in later Sarmatian times it was the northern Baltic States region. Plate XXIII Washed and deacidified. Lower margin soiled 12.0"H. x 17.75"W. GOOD. $400.00 I.D.#23070
Map 23070Click on image to see a larger graphic
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). ASIA MINOR. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. What is now Turkey in ancient times. Plate XXII Washed and deacidified. 12.0"H. x 17.75"W. GOOD. $300.00 I.D.#23069
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). HELLAS SIVE GRAECIA PROPRIA. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Southern most part of Greece at the time of the Peloponnesian Wars that ended in 403 BC. Also called Morea. Plate XX Washed and deacidified. Margin browning 12.1"H. x 18.0" W. GOOD. $325.00 I.D.#23068
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). MACEDONIA THESSALIA EPIRUS. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Northern Greece in Roman times. Xena battled here. Plate XIX. Washed and deacidified. Margin browning. 12.25"H. x 18.0" W. GOOD. $300.00 I.D.#23067
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). GRAECIAE ANTIQUAE ET INSULARUM CONSPECTUS. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Southern Greece in Roman times. Plate XVIII Washed and deacidified. Margin spot. 12.25"H. x 18.0" W. GOOD $325.00 I.D.#23066
 CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHORUS (1638-1707). SICILIA ANTIQUA. J.B. GHISI. ROME. 1774. NO COLOR. COPPER ENGRAVING. Sicily in Roman times. Plate XVII Inset shows distance to Carthage. Washed and deacidified. Margin tear repaired. 12.1" H. x 18.0" W. GOOD. $325.00 I.D.#23065
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